Conference Background and History The aim of this conference is to bring together scientists, engineers and students with an interest in bio-based polymers. Bio-based polymers include various synthetic polymers derived from renewable biomass resources and biopolymers (nucleic acids, polyamides, polysaccharides, polyesters, polyisoprenoids, and polyphenols), their derivatives, and their blends and composites. Fossil resources are limited, while renewable resources are sustainable. In the past few decades, the science and technology of bio-based polymers have experienced a tremendous rise in significance at both the academic and industrial sections. In addition, a lot of bio-based polymers also received great attention in biomedical applications due to their good biocompatibility and biodegradation properties. Today, research and development on bio-based polymers are rapidly expanding in both the macromolecular and biological sciences. Previous conferences have been successfully held in November 2003 at RIKEN, Wako, Japan, in November 2009 at Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia, in October 2011 at Peking University, Beijing, China, in September 2013 at Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea, and in June 2015 at National University of Singapore, Singapore, respectively. The 6th International Conference on Bio-based Polymers (ICBP2017) will be held in Yuan Ze University, Taoyuan, Taiwan on May 14-17, 2017. The conference is designed to offer a unique opportunity not only to take a critical examination of the milestone achievements in bio-based polymers but more significantly, to discuss how bio-based polymers can contribute to global sustainability and health cares in the 21st century. The program will feature contributions from both established and young scientists and engineers from both academics and industries, and will provide a platform for representatives from all over the world.